Dr. Richardson, in his lectures on alcohol, prearranged both in England and America, speaking of the raid of this substance on the blood in imitation of disappearance from the stomach, says: "Suppose, at that moment, a clear amount of alcohol be taken into the stomach, it will be absorbed at hand, but, earlier to raptness, it will bear to undergo a proper degree of dilution with wet, in lieu of at hand is this idiosyncrasy respecting alcohol after it is separated by an subconscious casing from a watery fluid like the blood, to facilitate it will not pass through the casing until it has befit charged, to a prearranged purpose of dilution, with wet. It is itself, in reality, so greedy in lieu of wet, it will pick it up from watery textures, and deprive them of it until, by its dissemination, its power of reception is exhausted , in imitation of which it will strew into the current of circulating fluid."
It is this power of absorbing wet from all quality with which alcoholic spirits comes in connection, to facilitate creates the burning thirst of persons who liberally indulge in its habit. Its effect, after it reaches the spread, is as a result described by Dr. Richardson: "As it passes through the spread of the lungs it is exposed to the air, and about little of it, raised into vapor by the natural high temperature, is thrown rotten in expiration. If the quantity of it be portly, this loss might be significant, and the odor of the spirit might be detected in the expired breath. If the quantity be small, the loss will be comparatively little, as the spirit will be held in solution by the wet in the blood. After it has accepted through the lungs, and has been driven by the absent nucleus more than the main circuit, it passes into I beg your pardon? Is called the infinitesimal spread, or the structural spread of the organism. The arteries at this juncture expand into very small vessels, which are called arterioles, and from these infinitely small vessels spring the equally infinitesimal radicals or roots of the veins, which are ultimately to befit the extreme rivers posture the blood back to the nucleus. Hip its passage through this infinitesimal spread the alcohol finds its way to all organ. To this brain, to these muscles, to these secreting or excreting organs, nay, even into this bony composition itself, it moves with the blood. Hip about of these parts which are not excreting, it remains in lieu of a instance diffused, and in persons parts wherever at hand is a portly percentage of wet, it remains longer than in other parts. From about organs which bear an honest tube in lieu of conveying fluids away, as the liver and kidneys, it is thrown absent or eliminated, and in this way a portion of it is ultimately impassive from the body. The remnants disappearance disk-shaped and disk-shaped with the spread, is probably stale and accepted rotten in spanking forms of count.
"When we know the course of action which the alcohol takes in its passage through the body, from the punctuation mark of its raptness to to facilitate of its taking away, we are the better able to say I beg your pardon? Substantial changes it induces in the atypical organs and structures with which it comes in connection. It principal reaches the blood; but, as a control, the quantity of it to facilitate enters is insufficient to deliver some material effect on to facilitate fluid. If, however, the dose taken be vicious or semi-poisonous, at that moment even the blood, rich as it is in wet and it contains seven hundred and ninety parts in a thousand is affected. The alcohol is diffused through this wet, and at hand it comes in connection with the other constituent parts, with the fibrine, to facilitate plastic substance which, after blood is drawn, clots and coagulates, and which is contemporary in the proportion of from two to three parts in a thousand; with the albumen which exists in the proportion of seventy parts; with the salts which yield on the order of ten parts; with the full of fat matters; and to finish, with persons infinitesimal, disk-shaped bodies which float in myriads in the blood (which were naked by the Dutch philosopher, Leuwenhock, as individual of the principal results of microscopical observation, on the order of the core of the seventeenth century), and which are called the blood globules or corpuscles. These last-named bodies are, in reality, cells; their discs, after natural, bear a smooth outline, they are depressed in the centre, and they are red in color; the color of the blood being derived from them. We bear naked to facilitate at hand exist other corpuscles or cells in the blood in much slighter quantity, which are called white cells, and these atypical cells float in the blood-stream in the vessels. The red take the centre of the flood; the white tell untruths externally close to the sides of the vessels, touching minus quickly. Our matter is for the most part with the red corpuscles. They do the largely focal functions in the budget; they absorb, in extreme part, the oxygen which we inhale in breathing, and have available it to the extreme tissues of the body; they absorb, in extreme part, the carbonic acid gab which is produced in the burning of the body in the extreme tissues, and bring to facilitate gab back to the lungs to be exchanged in lieu of oxygen at hand; in unfriendly, they are the fundamental instruments of the spread.
"With all these parts of the blood, with the wet, fibrine, albumen, salts, full of fat count and corpuscles, the alcohol comes in connection after it enters the blood, and, if it be in sufficient quantity, it produces disquieting raid. I bear watched this disturbance very carefully on the blood corpuscles; in lieu of, in about animals we can think about it these on the brink along in the course of life, and we can moreover observe them from men who are under the personal property of alcohol, by removing a speck of blood, and examining it with the microscope. The raid of the alcohol, after it is clear, is varied. It might cause the corpuscles to run too strictly simultaneously, and to adhere in rolls; it might mutate their outline, making the clear-defined, smooth, outer skirt unorthodox or crenate, or even starlike; it might replace the disk-shaped corpuscle into the oval form, or, in very extreme personal belongings, it might deliver I beg your pardon? I might call a truncated form of corpuscles, in which the replace is so extreme to facilitate if we did not remnant it through all its stages, we must be puzzled to know whether the object looked on were indeed a blood-cell. All these changes are due to the raid of the spirit winning the wet restricted in the corpuscles; winning the function of the spirit to extract wet from them. During all stage of modification of corpuscles as a result described, their function to absorb and corner gases is impaired, and after the aggregation of the cells, in masses, is extreme, other difficulties start, in lieu of the cells, united simultaneously, pass minus by far than they must through the infinitesimal vessels of the lungs and of the common spread, and impede the current, by which limited injury is produced.
"A expand raid winning the blood, instituted by alcohol in additional, is winning the fibrine or the plastic colloidal count. On this the spirit might sham in two atypical ways, according to the degree in which it affects the wet to facilitate holds the fibrine in solution. It might corner the wet with the fibrine, and as a result ruin the power of coagulation; or it might extract the wet so determinately as to deliver coagulation.